Importance of Graduate Record Examination
The Graduate Record Examination is a standardized test, which is an admissions requirement for most graduate schools in the United States The exam aims to measure verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, analytical writing, and critical thinking skills that have been acquired over a long period of time and that are not related to any specific field of study.
It is well known that practically all young people aspiring to college take at least one of the two major college admission tests, a phenomenon explained by the fact that most four-year institutions require prospective students to submit test score information with their applications. In addition, much has been written about how these tests are used in making admission decisions at institutions characterized by competitive admissions, as well as at the less selected ones. And, to add to our empirical base, the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers and the College Board in 1980 conducted a national survey of admission test requirements.
At the graduate level, however, less information has been available about either admission test requirements or use. Graduate is the traditional academic disciplines and professional programs such as law, medicine, and business. Information regarding Graduate Record Examination requirements has been collected, but the data usually have been reported in formats and sources (for example, graduate program guides and directories that do not improve our understanding of graduate admission test requirements on a national level. Similarly, some research has been done on the question of test use at the graduate level, but it has generally dealt with single disciplines at single institutions. Updating and extending our understanding of Graduate Record Examination score requirements and uses are important if the GRE Board is to plan to meet the needs of America’s Graduate Record Examination in the 1980s.