Downstream processing is the process of making new medicines and biosynthetic products from natural resources. These natural resources can be anything from animals to plants and even the bio-waste. The process of downstream processing includes the proper management of other resources as well like water management.
Uses of downstream processing:
- To make antibiotics:
Downstream processing is very useful to make the antibiotics as they use biological and natural resources to make these medicines.
- To make hormones:
Once upon a time hormones were considered only to be produced by the human body naturally. By using downstream processing, it is now possible to make very useful hormones like insulin and human growth hormones.
Vaccines made by the natural resources are proved to be more effective and do not have side effects.
This is a new concept in the biotechnology field. But it surely is a good way to make flavors. The artificial flavors were sometimes considered to be harmful but the flavors mad by downstream processing by using natural resources are safe.
The downstream processing comes under the specialization field of biotechnology and chemical engineering. This process has significantly changed the medical industry as they do not have to make new medicines from non-biological compounds. That process was lengthy and it further created by products like polluted water.
This process includes various processes in it. It takes four steps to get the final product through downstream processing.
This includes the process of removing the colloidal material from the main solution.
- Product isolation:
Product isolation is the removal of those materials whose properties differ from the main solution.
- Intermediate purification:
This process includes the removal of bulk contaminants such as host cells and other types of viruses.
- Product polishing:
Product polishing is the refinement of the final product until they become the desired product.
This was the introduction to the downstream processing. There will be a series of articles about the various processes include in the downstream processing.
Hope this articles helps you.